Tutorial: How do I create a course that adapts to the learner?

Last modified: 2017-10-23 16:35:56 +0200

In an adaptive learning journey learners are offered lessons about learning objectives they master the least. The goal is to let the learners learn as efficient as possible. The goals that are allready mastered, less attention is required.

For this tutorial you will need the following roles: Author, Designer (and Administrator).


The essential keys for making a great adaptive learning journey in aNewSpring:

Key 1: Take all the time you can to create the course.

Really take the time for it. Especially invest time in contemplating and completing the concept, the creation of learning objectives and questions.

Key 2: Carefully consider the learning objectives.

There can be found many usefull information on the internet on how to make good learning objectives. To make adaptivity work properly it is important to make learning objectives very specific. In the ideal setting questions are exchangeable for each other. Ideally questions within a single learning objective are formulated slightly different from each other in order to assess that single learning objective. For example: the course subject is 'English'. Including a learning objective 'Grammar' is not specific enough, because grammar includes a lot of different subjects. It is better to split 'Grammar' into multiple learning objectives, for example interpunction, plural, compositions et cetera.

To check if the learning objective is specific enough you could see how much text you would need to describe the learning objective. Describing 'Grammar' will take a lot of pages, whilst describing 'Interpunction' would take maybe one or two paragraphs.

Key 3: Make plenty of questions per learning objective.

By creating a lot of questions per learning objective, you will make it possible to constantly give new questions when needed.

Key 4: Create enough activities per learning objective.

This key is closely related to key 3. If you have many questions, it is possible to create more activities related to the learning objective. The idea whithin an adaptive learning journey is that new lessons are constantly available until the target for that learning objective has been met.


With these key's in mind, we can start creating an adaptive learning journey. In this tutorial we will use a language training as an example.

Step 1: Create learning objectives based on a folder structure in the content library

Preperation is everything! If you contemplate learning objectives before creating them in aNewSpring, it will be a lot easier to create an adaptive learning journey. Check key 2 about formulating learning objectives.

First create a new content library under the tab 'Content' (this can only be done if you are Administrator, or by someone else who has this role) and create a folder structure based on the learning objectives you have contemplated.

For example:

If you create a good folder structure on which to base the learning objectives, you can use import this structure and the learning objectives in a single click to the template.

Articles that can help you with this step: Tutorial: How do I easily create content?


Step 2: Create questions and content parts per learning objectives

Create per learning objective, content and questions and structurize them as in the example above. This is another preperation in order to link questions to the learning objectives with a single click. The learning objective will be named after the folder in which the questions are located.

Articles that can help you with this step:
Adding questions
Adding content parts
Importing questions using an Excel


Step 3: Create a course template and link the right content library(ies)

Go to the tab 'Courses' and click on + Template.

Articles that can help you with this step:
Tutorial: How do I create a basic course? - step 1
Selecting content to use in a template


Step 4: Add learning objectives and make groups

If you have correctly gone through step 1 this is a breeze.

Go to the tab Learning objectives when editing the template and click on the little rocket.

The folders in the content library which containt the questions, will be taken as learning objectives.
When this is done, you can go to Group and again click on the little rocket in order to create groups based on the folder structure.

Articles that can help you with this step:
Creating learning objectives
Grouping learning objectives


Step 5: Create a pretest with learning objectives

By creating a pretest, you can give the learner the chance to allready (partially) reach the learning objective targets and thus prevent them from doing unnecessary lessons if they allready master certain learning objectives. If the questions are being used in the MemoTrainer, the objectives that have been met can be practiced and secured in the long-term memory. More about it will be told in the next step. Creating a pretest is not obligatory.

The question you should ask yourself is: how many questions should a learner answer right in order to reach the target of a learning objective and not receive any more lessons about it?
Set that amount of questions per learning objective in the pretest. The goal here is that if the learner answers all the questions right of the learning objective, there will be given no lessons about that particular learning objective, because the pretest has determined that the learner allready masters this objective. Also check step 9 to understand the scoring.

When editing the template go to the tab To do and create an activity (+ Activity), select assessment and when created, click on Edit.

Check each tab to configure the assessment. When done, go to the tab Learning objectives if you have allready added the content to the activity via Activity content. The adding of learning objectives is quite easy when you have allready gone through step 1 and 4. Only then you can use the rocket to immediatly link the right learning objectives to the right questions.

Because it is possible that the learners cannot do any activities linked to certain learning objectives because the target has allready been met, it might be handy that they keep practicing those learning objectives in the MemoTrainer, in order for the information to be obtained in the long-term memory. Go to the tab Extra MemoTrainable questions and select all the questions that are related to the subjects of the assessment.

Articles that can help you with this step:

Tutorial: How do I create a basic course - step 2
Linking learning objectives to questions in activities
General settings of activities


Intermezzo: What does the MemoTrainer do?

In the MemoTrainer the questions are repeated in order to secure knowledge in the long-term memory. The questions that have been answered incorrectly will be asked more frequently than those that have been answered correctly. The progress is visible in the knowledge retention.

In an adaptive learning journey it is a good idea to let the MemoTrainer work based on learning objectives. Questions for the same learning objectives should be exchangeable. The knowledge retention is then being build-up based on the learning objectives. For example: It is possible that learners have answered a singel question wrong from a list of ten of the same learning objective. This one error will be filled up by another question from that learning objective in the next MemoTraining.

In order to continue the flow of this tutorial, we will configure the MemoTraining in step 11.


Step 6: Create adaptive blocks

Now the time has come to create adaptive blocks. In an adaptive block only one activity is available at once. That will be the activity in which te most progress can be made on a certain learning objective in which the learner has scored the lowest. When the target of a learning objective has been met, there will be no suggested activity in which only that learning objective is present.

When keeping in mind that only one activity is available at a time per adaptive block, it might be a good idea to create multiple adaptive blocks.

Create a new adaptive block when under the tab To do when editing the template:

By adding a condition to adaptive blocks you can make sure that learners first have to do the pretest  (the learning objective target profile will be patially filled) in order to continue with the activities linked to the learning objectives.

To add this condition click on Edit next to the block title. Via the tab Conditions you can add the condition: ... after activity "X" is completed. In this case the activity 'X' is the pretest.

Articles that can help you with this step:
General settings of activities - What can I do at the 'Conditions'-tab?


Step 7: Add learning activities to the adaptive blocks

Create multiple activities per learning objective. The easiest way is to create lessons which will make it possible to also add content parts to give extra information about the learning objective. If they haven't met the goal at the completion of the activity, then another activity should become available in which they can retry to reach the set goal.

Some more tips:

- Note that the order of the activities can be different for the learner. The activity in which the learner can work the most on a learning objective will be offered first.

- If you add the same amount of questions per learning objective per activity, then the order you have chosen will be shown.

- Add a content part with explanation to each activity. You can also add a new content part which each activity that will explain a bit more each time in order to make them understand the learning objective.

- Do not add documentation activities to an adaptive block. You can only link learning objectives to questions and in a documentation activity you can only add content parts.

- Create enough activities per learning objective and also add new questions about it in these activities. This is one of the keys to make a good adaptive course. In the example of the language training we have created five activities per learning objectives, each containing five extra questions.

- Do not add to many questions per activity. It is better to create more activities with less questions per learning objectives. To better undestand this, see step 8.

- If you want, you can also add multiple learning objectives in a single activity. This can be usefull when working with cases in which multiple aspects (learning objectives) will be assessed.

Do not forget to add the learning objectives to the questions in the activities, such as explained in step 5.

Articles that can help you with this step:
Tutorial: How do I create a basic course - step 2
Linking learning objectives to questions in activities


Step 8: Add a 'regular' block with documentation as a reference

Because it is possible that learners do not have to complete lessons for objectives they have mastered in the pretest, this would mean that they would not have the possibility to read the curriculum. This can be solved by adding a block which only contains documentation activities. This type of activity can only consist of content parts and cannot be completed (it can be viewed at any time). This activity is not shown in the personal learning path.

If you have added the documentation, click on Edit and add content parts via Activity content.

By adding a section per content part (under the tab Activity content), learners can click on a subject and directly go to the subject they want to review.



Intermezzo: How does the design look so far?

For the designer:

For the learner:

Note: the checkbox 'Personal learning path' is switched on.


Step 9: Set the learning profile target

This is the hardest step, so please read carefully!

Only if you have added all adaptive blocks and filled the activities therein with questions linked to learning objectives, you can start setting the learning profile target. You will have to set this after you have added all questions, because the values you will add here will shift if you add questions to learning objectives later on.

Let's go back to the learning objectives-tab.

In the overview below you see that values are filled in under the group 'Grammar'.


First a quick explanation of the different columns:


 MemoTrainer

Tells you if there are questions linked to that learning objective in the MemoTrainer. In the example above this is not the case, yet. We will do this in step 11.

 Copied learning objective

Tells if the name of the learning objectives is copied from the content. Because we have done this in step 4, this icon is shown.

Max

The maximum amount of points that can be achieved in this learning objective. Because a questions is always worth 1 point, this number equals the amount of questions linked to the learning objective.

Target

The amount a learner has to score in order to reach 100% on the learning objective. The global weight is standardly set on 80%, but this is not always desirable. We will give this part extra attention now. Click on Set learning profile target. You will see the following screen:


Base value

The same as 'Max' in the previous screen. The maximum amount of points that can be accumulated for this learning objective. Because a question equals 1 point, this number represents all questions linked to that learning objective.

Result

The same as 'Target' in the previous screen. The amount of points that have to be accumulated in order to complete the learning objective.

Weight

With the weight you can influence the result. First, set the global weight to 10%, this will allow to set the weight more accurately.

A bit more explanation about the scoring:

In the activities where learning objectives are linked to questions, the learner will receive one point (+1) per correctly answered question. When a question is answered incorrectly, a point will be reducted (-1). If you have determined (in step 5) that learners will have to have 5 questions answered correctly in order to skip the learning objective, the result should be set to 5 as well.

Example:

In the example below the pretest has been taken. For the questions that are linked to Finite verb, 5 questions (x1 point) have been answered correctly. This means they have reached the target of 5 points and therefore have completed the learning objective. A total of 3 questions have been answered correctly and 2 questions incorrectly for Past participle. This translates to a total of 3 points minus 2 points equals 1 (3-2=1). A total of 1 point has been given to this learning objective, Past participle.

The consequence of these results are that there will be no lessons available for Finite verb, because the target of the learning objective has been met. For the learning objective Past participle, this means that there will be lessons available in which the learners can accumulate more points to reach their goal; 1 point has been achieved, 4 points to go: (The learning objective Finite verb still can be trained via the MemoTrainer, which we will configure in step 11)

The activity 'Past participle 1' comes from the adaptive block we have created in step 7. In that activity 5 new questions are linked to the learning objective Past participle. In the example above another 4 points have to be accumulated. The question is: what are the possible scenario's to achieve this?

Number of correct questions Number of incorrect questions Amount of points after this activity Final score for 'Past participle' Amount of points to accumulate
5 0 5 5 Learning objective completed!
4 1 3 (4-1) 4 1
3 2 1 (3-2) 2 3
2 3 -1 (2-3) 0 5
1 4 -2 (1-4) 0 5

Conclusion: only if all questions have been answered correctly, no lessons about this learning objective will be available. The set result of '5' in the learning objective target may seem little, but when you take a closer look at the scoring it isn't so bad because the learning objectives are created quite specific.

Pay attention when setting the learning profile target that the target isn't set to high. There must be enough lessons to come available so that the learner can reach the target.


Step 10 (Optional): Create multiple learning profile targets

When setting the learning profile target you can save multiple profiles, so that you can use these different profiles for different courses.

For example we could publish this course for different education levels, by applying the different profiles to the courses.

Set the weight and click on Save. Then set another weight and click on Save again. Continue untill you have all the profiles you need.

Articles that can help you with this step:
Learning objective profile targets and scoring
Course settings - Tab: Settings - As an administrator you can select per course a different profile target.


Step 11: Add learning objectives to MemoTrainable questions

The questions in assessments and lessons in this tutorial have been made MemoTrainable. By also linking the learning objectives to the MemoTrainable questions, the knowledge intake is also build-up on basis of these learning objectives.

If you have succesfully completed step 1, you can add all learning objectives at once using the rocket 'Use the name of the folder from the content library which contains questions as objective'.

Articles that can help you with this step:
Linking learning objectives to questions in the MemoTrainer



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